Question 1 Holmes believes that the Bible comes closer to intuitionism than to natural-law theories. True False 3 points Question 2 What is one of the two alternatives to the consequentialist response to moral dilemmas of trying to minimize the bad and maximize the good, do deontologists provide? Rank the moral duties according to the highest principles Select the choice that has the best consequences Deny that moral dilemmas are possible Do that which exhibits the highest virtue 3 points Question 3 In the Biblical sense, agape love is defined as: A self-giving sacrificial attitude A commitment made between a man and wife A warm and generous feeling for others A whole-hearted desire to fulfill one’s need for affection 3 points Question 4 _______________ varies significantly from person to person and culture to culture, seeming to depend on moral training and cultural conditioning. Natural Law Intuition Common Morality Conscience 3 points Question 5 Which of these is not one of Holmes’ aspects of moral reasoning for Christians? What universal human action spheres are involved and what social institutions? What are the essential purposes inherent in the nature of the universal human activities and social institutions? How can the essential purposes best be pursued with justice and love? Are the universal human activities and social institutions governed by common morality or Biblical truths? 3 points Question 6 Aristotle saw virtues as habits of mind that can be cultivated by deliberation about the choices we constantly make and the ends or goals we desire. True False 3 points Question 7 What did Thomas Aquinas say is needed along with habituation of the virtues: Induction Inspiration Intuition Infusion 3 points Question 8 How do virtues relate to God: If God is the highest good, then desiring the Good means desiring God and wanting to be like him. If God is the epitome of every kind of goodness, then desiring truth and beauty as well as moral character is tacitly a desire for God. Loving God entails that we love what God loves, being good and doing good. All of the above 3 points Question 9 The moral life finds inspiration and direction in a vision of _________ that makes a person’s virtues and his whole life story part of a particular moral tradition. the Good Tradition Moral Theology The future 3 points Question 10 How is virtue acquired according to MacIntyre? By following continuous disciplined practices in order to achieve a standard of excellence By reading and comprehending the theories about virtue ethics Virtues are inherent and natural, so they are acquired at creation By praying and worshipping God frequently 3 points Question 11 What process did Jeremy Bentham propose to quantify pleasure versus pain with regards to which action one should take: Hedonic Statistics Hedonic Functions Hedonic Ratio Hedonic Calculus 3 points Question 12 Which of the following is NOT an example of hypothetical imperatives? If you want to be accepted into Harvard Law School, you must major in Pre-Law in college. If you want to be healthy, then you need to exercise every day. If you drive through a red light, then you believe it is okay for anyone to drive through a red light. If you want to live in France, then you need to know how to speak 3 points Question 13 Holmes states that a non-consequential decision is needed as to the _______ of consequence we are to seek. Quality Value Kind Pleasure 3 points Question 14 Which of these is NOT one of Holmes’ conclusions concerning ethical egoism? While Scripture assumes a legitimate psychological self-interest, it is balanced by an ethical concern for others. The highest motivation is a love for God; from this flows true neighbor- love and self-love. Scripture differs from egoism in that egoism views people more individualistically. We should follow the example of a swarm of bees, each pursuing our own ends, yet by nature and God’s grace producing a harmonious and peaceable realm. 3 points Question 15 The term that states that the value of persons is measured entirely in terms of people’s experiences is: Empiricism Egoism utilitarianism Hedonic Calulation 3 points Question 16 Consequentialism is not interested in keeping rules at all. True False 3 points Question 17 According to deontology, what justifies the means: The consequences Keeping the rules They are self-justified God 3 points Question 18 Which view is typically more rule oriented: Consequentialism Deontology 3 points Question 19 Deontology is only interested in keeping rules and does not care about results. True False 3 points Question 20 Deontology would include which of the following ideas: rule oriented pragmatic doing right has extrinsic value ends justifies the means